60个句型,你要的初中英语一切高频考点都在这!_246天天天彩免费资料
以后地位 : > 初中学习办法 > 初中英语 >

60个句型,你要的初中英语一切高频考点都在这!

2017-03-16 14:01 | 泉源:网络综合 | 作者:佚名 | 本文已影响

 

         这60个句型中包括词汇、短语、牢固搭配和语法等全方位的知识点,因而,它们的紧张性是显而易见的!

  1. as…as 和……一样

  两头必需用描述词或副词原级。比方:

  This classroom is as big as that one.

  这间课堂和那间一样大。

  He runs as fast as Tom. 他和汤姆跑的一样快。

  否认构造:not as/so…as,&lduo;不如……&rduo;。下面的两个句子可辨别改为:

  This classroom is not as/so large as that one.

  这间课堂不如那间大。

  He doesn&rsuo;t run as/so fast as Tom.

  他跑得不如汤姆快。

  2. as soon as 一……就……

  用来引导工夫状语从句。若主句是普通未来时,从句要用普通如今时。比方:

  I&rsuo;ll tell him the plan as soon as I see him.

  我一看到他就通知他这个方案。

  He&rsuo;ll go home as soon as he finishes his work.

  他一完成任务就回家。

  3. be busy/enjoy/hate/go on/finish doing sth. 忙于/喜好/厌恶/持续/完成做某事

  在enjoy, finish, hate, go on, be busy等词语后,普通用动词-ing方式作宾语。比方:

  Lin Tao is busy making a model plane.

  林涛正忙着做飞机模子。

  My mother enjoys taking a walk after supper.

  我妈妈喜好晚饭后漫步。

  I hate watching Channel Five.

  我厌恶看五频道。

  When someone asked him to have a rest, he just went on working.

  当有人让他苏息一下子时,他仍持续任务。

  I have finished writing the story.

  我曾经写完了故事。

  4. fill…with 用……装满......; be filled with 充溢了……;be full of 充溢了......

  ①be filled with 阐明由外界事物形成的此种形态,表现主动。比方:

  The box is filled with food.

  盒子里装满了食品。

  ②be full of阐明主语处于的形态。别的,还可表现水平,意为&lduo;十分&rduo;。比方:

  The patient&rsuo;s room is full of flowers.

  谁人病人的房间摆满了花。

  The young man is full of pride.

  谁人年老人十分自豪。

  ③这两种构造还可以互相改写。比方:

  I fill the box with food. The box is full of food.

  5. be good/bad for 有利于/无害于……

  此句型是:be+adj.+for+n.构造。比方:

  Doing morning exercises is good for your health.

  做早操对你的安康无益。

  Always playing computer games is bad for your study.

  总玩电脑游戏对你的学习倒霉。

  6. be used to(doing) sth. 习气于……

  后必需接名词或动名词,可用于如今、过来、未来的多种时态。be 可用get,become来替代。 比方:

  He is used to life in the country.(He is used to living in the country.)

  他习气于墟落生存。

  He will get used to getting up early.

  他将会习气于早起。

  留意:be used to do 的意思是&lduo;被用来做……&rduo;。比方:

  Wood is used to make paper.

  木料被用来造纸。

  7. both…and…两者都……

  用来衔接两个并列身分;当衔接两个并列主语时,厥后谓语动词用单数。比方:

  Both the students and the teachers will go to the History Museum tomorrow.

  不管教师照旧先生今天都市去汗青博物馆。

  8. can&rsuo;t help doing sth. 不由得做某事

  help在此的意思是&lduo;克制,忍住&rduo;,厥后接动词-ing方式。比方:

  His joke is too funny. We can&rsuo;t help laughing.

  他的笑话太风趣了,我们禁不止笑了起来。

  9. sth. costs sb. some money 某物破费或人几多钱

  此句型的主语是物。cost一词带的是双宾语,它的过来式、过来分词和原型一样。

  This book cost me five yuan.

  这本书花了我五元钱。

  10. either…or… 不是……便是……,或许……或许……

  用来衔接两个并列身分,当衔接并列主语时,谓语动词与临近的主语坚持分歧。

  You may either stay here or go home.

  你可以呆在这儿,也可以回家。

  Either she or I am right. = Either I or she is right.

  不是她对便是我对。

  11. enough (for sb.) to do sth. 充足……做……

  在此构造中,for用来引出不定式的逻辑主语。比方:

  The ice isn&rsuo;t thick enough for you to walk on.

  这冰还没有厚到你可以在下面走的水平。

  12. feel like doing sth. 想要做某事

  此处like为介词,前面跟动词-ing方式。此句型与would like to do sth.同义。比方:

  I feel like drinking a cup of milk.

  我想喝一杯牛奶。

  13. feel/find/think it adj./n. to do sth. 以为某事……

  在此构造中it为方式宾语,不定式短语作真正的宾语。比方:

  I find it very interesting to play football.

  我发明踢足球很风趣。

  She thinks it her duty to help us.

  她以为协助我们是她的职责。

  14. get ready for sth./to do sth.

  get ready for sth.意为&lduo;为某事做预备&rduo;;get ready to do sth.意为&lduo;预备做某事&rduo;比方:

  We are getting ready for the meeting.

  我们正在为集会做预备。

  They were getting ready to have a sports meet at that moment.

  他们当时正预备开活动会。

  15. get/receive/ a letter from 收到……的来信

  相称于hear from 比方:

  Did you receive a letter from John?

  你收到约翰的来信了吗?

  I got a letter from my brother yesterday.

  我昨天收到了我弟弟的一封来信。

  16. had better (not) do sth. 最好(别)做某事

  had better为神态动词,厥后需用动词本相。had better常用缩写,酿成&rsuo;d better,其否认方式是在厥后间接加not。比方:

  We had better go now. = We&rsuo;d better go now.

  我们最好如今走吧。

  You&rsuo;d better not go out because it is windy.

  明天起风,你最好别出去了。

  17. have sth. done 使(某事)完成 (举措由他人完成)

  sth.为宾语,done为过来分词作补语。比方:

  We had the machine repaired.

  我们请人把呆板修睦了。

  留意区分: We have repaired the machine. 我们(本人)曾经修睦了呆板。

  18. help sb. (to) do sth./with sth. 协助或人(做)某事

  此中的to可以省略。比方:

  I often help my mother with housework.

  我经常协助妈妈做家务。

  Would you please help me (to) look up these words?

  请你协助我查查这些词好吗?

  19. How do you like…? 你以为……怎样样?

  与what do you think of …?同义。 比方:

  How do you like the weather in Beijing?你

  以为北京的气候怎样样? 你以为这部新影戏怎样?

  20. I don&rsuo;t think/believe that… 我认我/置信……不……

  此中的not是对宾语从句停止否认而不是对主句否认(否认前移)。that可省略。比方:

  I don&rsuo;t think it will rain.

  我以为天不会下雨。

  I don&rsuo;t believe the girl will come.

  我置信那女孩不会来了。

  21. It happens that… 可巧……

  相称于happen to do。比方:

  It happened that I heard their secret.

  可改写为: I happened to hear their secret.

  我可巧听到了他们的机密。

  22. It&rsuo;s/has been +一段工夫+since从句 自从某时起做某件事变曾经一段工夫了

  该句型中since引导的工夫状语从句常用普通过来时。比方:

  It&rsuo;s twenty years since he came here.

  他来这里曾经20年了。

  It has been six years since he married Mary.

  他和玛丽完婚曾经六年了。

  23. It is +adj./n. + for sb. to do sth. 做某事对或人来说……

  It是方式主语,真正的主语是不定式to do sth。比方:

  It&rsuo;s not easy for us to study English well.

  对我们来说学好英语并不容易。

  It&rsuo;s a good idea for us to travel to the south.

  去北方游览对我们来说是个好主见。

  24. It&rsuo;s + adj. + of sb. to do sth.

  It是方式主语,to do sth.是真正的主语, 当表语(即描述词)能对逻辑主语描绘时,常用介词of,而不必for。比方:

  It&rsuo;s very polite of you to give your seat to old people.

  你给老人让座,十分有规矩。

  25. It seems/appears (to sb) that… (在或人看来)仿佛……

  此句中的it是主语,that引导的是表语从句。比方:

  It seems that he is lying. 看样子他仿佛是在扯谎。

  It appears to me that he never smiles. 在我看来,他历来没有笑过。

  26. It is +数词+metres/kilometers long/wide… ……是几多米(公里)长(宽)

  用来表现物体的长(宽,高),如数词大于一,名词要用单数。比方:

  It is 20 metres long from this end to that end. 从这端到那端有二十米长。

  27. It&rsuo;s time for sb. to do sth. 是或人干某事的时分了

  it是方式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式to do sth. 比方:

  It&rsuo;s time for the child to go to bed.

  孩子该睡觉了。

  比拟上面两种构造:

  ① It&rsuo;s time for + n. 比方:

  It&rsuo;s time for school.

  ②It&rsuo;s time to do sth. 比方:

  It&rsuo;s time to go to school.

  28. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 破费或人几多工夫做某事

  it是方式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式to do sth。比方:

  It takes her fifteen minutes to walk to the bus stop from here.

  从这儿走着到公交车站将破费她15分钟。

  It took the old man three days to finish the work.

  谁人老人花了三地利间完成这项任务。

  29. keep (on) doing sth. 不断对峙做某事

  keep doing sth.普通用于静态动词。keep on doing sth.意为&lduo;络绎不绝地做某事&rduo;,普通用于动态动词,但二者的区别并不是很严厉,偶然可以交换。比方:

  Don&rsuo;t keep on doing such foolish things.

  不要再做如许的傻事了。

  He kept sitting there all day.

  他整天坐在那边。

  30. keep…from doing sth. 制止......做某事

  相称于stop…from doing sth., prevent…from doing sth. 在自动句中,stop和prevent前面的from可以省略,但在主动构造中,from不行以省略。比方:

  Please keep the children from swimming in the sea.

  请别让孩子到海里游泳。

  The big noise outside my room stopped me from doing my homework.

  屋外宏大的乐音使我不克不及造作业。

  31. keep sb. doing sth. 让或人不断做某事

  不行和keep sb.from doing sth.构造混杂。

  比方:Why do you keep me waiting for a long time? 你为什么让我等了很永劫间?

  32. make sb. do sth. 使或人干某事

  make意为&lduo;使&rduo;时,厥后要有不带to的动词不定式。

  比方:He made me work ten hours a day. 他让我每天任务10小时。

  留意:上句如改为主动语态,则work 前的to不克不及省略。比方:

  I was made to work ten hours a day.

  33. neither…nor… 既不……也不……

  当衔接两个并列主语时,谓语动词与临近的主语获得分歧(就进分歧准绳)。比方:

  Neither we nor Jack knows him. 我们和杰克都不看法他。

  He neither knows nor cares what happened. 他对发作的事变漠不关心。

  34. not…until… 直到……才......

  until后可跟名词或从句,表现工夫。比方:

  He didn&rsuo;t come until late in the evening.他直到早晨很迟才来。

  He didn&rsuo;t arrive until the game began. 直到竞赛开端他才来。

  35. sb. pays money for sth. 或人费钱买某物

  此句型主语是人。比方:

  I&rsuo;ve already paid 2,000 yuan for the motor bike. 我曾经花了2000元买这辆摩托车。

  36. spend time/money on sth./(in)doing sth. 破费(工夫、钱)在某事上/做某事

  此中in可以省略,通常主语为&lduo;人&rduo;。比方:

  I spent five yuan on this book. 我在这本书上花了五元钱。

  I spent two hours (in) doing my homework yesterday. 昨晚我花了两个小时造作业。

  37. so…that… 太……以致于……

  用于复合句,that引导的是后果状语从句。so是副词,前面应接描述词或副词,假如接名词,使用such。 比方:

  The ice is so thin that you can&rsuo;t walk on it. 冰太薄了,你不克不及在下面走。

  He is such a kind man that we all like him. 他是一个十分好的人,我们都很喜好他。

  38. stop to do sth., stop doing sth.

  stop to do sth. 意为&lduo;停上去去做另一件事&rduo;,stop doing sth.意为&lduo;中止正在做的事&rduo;比方:

  You&rsuo;re too tired. You&rsuo;d better stop to have a rest. 你们太累了,最好停上去苏息一下子。

  The teacher is coming. Let&rsuo;s stop talking. 教师来了,我们别语言了。

  39. Thank you for doing sth. 感谢你做了某事。

  for之后除了加动名词doing外,还可以加名词。比方:

  Thank you for giving me the present. 谢谢你给我的礼品。

  Thank you for your help. =Thank you for helping me.谢谢你的协助。

  40. thanks to 多亏……,由于……

  thanks后的s不克不及省略,to是介词。比方:

  Thanks to my friend Jim, I&rsuo;ve worked out this problem. 多亏了我冤家吉姆的协助,我曾经处理了这个题目。

  41. There be句型

  ①在此构造中,there是引导词,在句中不克不及充任任何身分,也不用翻译出来。句中的主语是或人或某物,谓语动词be要与主语的数坚持分歧。比方:

  There is a man at the door. 门口有一团体。

  当主语是由两个或许两者以上的名词充任时,谓语动词be要跟它临近的谁人名词的数分歧(就近分歧)。比方:

  There are two dogs and a cat under the table.桌下有两只狗和一只猫。

  比拟:There is a cat and two dogs under the table.

  ②There be 句型中的be不克不及用have来替代,但可以用lie(位于,躺),stand(耸立),exist(生活),live(生存)等词来交换。比方:

  There stand a lot of tall buildings on both sides of the street. 街道两旁耸立着很多高楼。

  There lies lake in front of our school.我们学校后面有一个湖。

  Once there lived a king here. 这儿已经有一个国王。

  There is going to be a sports meeting next week. 下周预备开一个活动会。

  there be 的拓展构造: there seem(s)/happen(s) to be…

  There seems to be one mistake in spelling.

  好像有一处拼写错误。

  There happened to be a ruler here. 这儿可巧有把尺子。

  There seemed to be a lot of people there. 那边好像有许多人。

  42. The + adj.比拟级, the + adj.比拟级 越……,越……

  此句型表现一方随另一方的变革而变革。比方:

  The harder he works, the happier he feels.他任务越高兴,就感触越幸福。

  The more, the better. 多多益善。

  43. too+adj./adv. +to do sth. 太……以致于不克不及…….

  此句型为复杂句,前面的to表现否认寄义。比方:

  The ice is too thin for you to walk on. 这冰太薄,你不克不及在下面走。

  The bag is too heavy to carry. 这个袋子太重搬不动。

  44. used to do sth. 过来经常做某事

  used to是神态动词,表现过来的习气举措或形态,如今已不存在,因而只用于过来时态。比方:

  He used to get up early. 他过来总早起。

  When I was yong, I used to play tennis very often. 我年老时常常打网球。

  否认方式有两种:didn&rsuo;t use to;used not to,比方:

  He didn&rsuo;t use to come. = He usedn&rsuo;t to come. 他过来不常来。

  45. what about…? ……怎样样?

  前面可接名词、代词、动名词等。与&lduo;how about…?&rduo;同义。比方:

  We have been to Hainan. What about you? 我们去过海南,你呢?

  What about going to the park on Sunday? 星期天去公园怎样样?

  46. What day/date is it today? 明天星期几(几月几日)?

  —What day is it today?

  —Sunday.

  —What date is it today?

  —June 24th.

  47. What&rsuo;s wrong (the matter) with…? ……怎样了?

  What&rsuo;s wrong with you, Madam? 夫人,您怎样了?

  You look worried. What&rsuo;s wrong with you? 你看上去很着急,出什么事了?

  48. Why not do…? 为什么不做……?

  谓语动词用本相。与Why don&rsuo;t you do…?同义。比方:

  Why not go to see the film with us?= Why don&rsuo;t you go to see the film with us? 为什么和睦我们一同去看影戏呢?

  49. would like to do sth. 想做……

  后用动词不定式作宾语。比方:

  I would like to drink a cup of tea.我想喝一杯茶。

  疑问句式:Would you like (to drink) a cup of tea? 你想喝杯茶吗?

  50. adj./adv.比拟级 + and adj./adv.比拟级 越来越......

  若描述词/副词为双音节词及多音节词,则这一构造变为&lduo;more and more +描述词/副词&rduo;。比方:

  It&rsuo;s getting warmer and warmer. 气候变得越来越温暖了。

  The little girl becomes more and more beautiful. 小女孩变得越来越美丽了。

  51. adj.比拟级+than

  than引导的是典范的比拟级句型,表现&lduo;一者比另一者……&rduo;,其前用描述词或副词的比拟级,than从句可以用省略方式。比方:

  I know you better than she does. 我比她更理解你。

  This house is bigger than that one. 这所屋子比那所屋子大。

  52. though-从句

  though引导的是退让状语从句,意思是&lduo;固然……但是……&rduo;。但不克不及和but连用,英语中表达&lduo;固然……,但是……&rduo;时,though和but只能用一个。比方:

  Though it was snowing, it was not very cold. 固然下着雪,可并不太冷。

  I was late for the last bus though I hurried. 固然我冒死赶路,照旧没搭上最初一班公交车。

  We didn&rsuo;t feel tired though we walked a long way. 固然我们走了很长的旅程,但是并没有感触累。

  53. if-从句

  If 引导的是条件状语从句,&lduo;假如;假设&lduo;。如主句用普通未来时,if从句要用普通如今时(主将从现)。比方:

  If I go to the Great Wall tomorrow, would you like to come along? 假如今天我去长城,你会和我一同去吗?

  If it rains tomorrow, I won&rsuo;t go. 假如今天下雨,我就不去了。

  54. because-从句

  引导缘由状语从句,&lduo;由于&rduo;。 比方:

  He didn&rsuo;t hear the knocking at the door because he was listening to the radio. 他没有听见拍门声,由于他正在听收音机。

  55. so + do/be + 主语

  &lduo;So + be/助动词/神态动词 + 主语&rduo; 表现后面所述内容也实用于另一人或物。be、助动词或神态动词的选择视后面陈说句中谓语动词的时态方式而定。例:

  He likes football and so do I. 他喜好足球,我也云云。

  Jim was playing football just now and so was Tom. 方才吉姆在踢足球,汤姆也在踢足球。

  比拟: &lduo;So +主语+be/助动词/神态动词.&rduo;构造,是用来证明前一句所表达的内容(起夸大作用)。be、助动词或神态动词的选择视后面陈说句中谓语动词的时态方式而定。

  A: It is very hot today. 明天气候很热。

  B: So it is. 的确云云。

  56. not only…but also… 不光……并且……

  常用来衔接语法作用相反的词、短语或句子。衔接两个主语时,谓语动词要和紧靠它的主语在人称和数上坚持分歧。比方:

  She likes not only singing but also dancing. 她不光喜好唱歌,并且喜好舞蹈。

  He is not only a good doctor but also a good father. 他不光是个好大夫并且是个好爸爸。

  Not only I but also he is hoping to go there. 不光我并且他也想去那边。

  57. prefer…to… 喜好……赛过…...

  prefer (doing) sth. to (doing) sth. 意为&lduo;两者相比更喜好(做)此中之一&rduo;。在此构造中,to是介词,接名词或动名词,构造中前后所跟身分一样。比方:

  He prefers tea to coffee. 茶与咖啡相比,他更喜好茶。

  He prefers doing shopping to going fishing.购物与垂纶相比,他更喜好购物。

  58. 感慨句型

  What (a/an) + adj. + n. +主语+谓语! How + adj./adv.+ +主语+谓语! 比方:

  What a clever boy (he is)! =How clever the boy is! 这个男孩儿多智慧啊!

  What a wonderful film we saw last night! 昨天早晨我们看的影戏多精美啊!

  How lovely the weather is! 气候多好啊!

  How hard he works! 他任务何等高兴啊!

  59. 祈使句型

  祈使句型表现下令、恳求、劝说等寄义。语言的工具通常为第二人称,习气上常省略。句末用句号或感慨号。一定祈使句是:谓语动词用动词本相表现。否认祈使句是:在谓语动词前加do not(don&rsuo;t)。比方:

  Be here on time tomorrow. 今天定时到这儿来。

  Say it in English! 用英语说!

  Don&rsuo;t be afraid! 别怕!

  Don&rsuo;t look out of the window! 不要朝窗外看!

  60. 并列句型

  用并列连词衔接起来的两个或两个以上的复杂句叫并列句。衔接并列句常用的衔接词有:and, but, or, so, however, not only…but also..., neither…nor..., either…or…等。比方:

  I help her and she helps me. 我协助她,她协助我。

  He is very old but he is in good health. 他年岁很大了,但他身材很好。

  We must hurry, or we&rsuo;ll be late. 我们得从速走,否则就晚了。

  Kate does her work carefully, so she never makes any mistakes. 凯特任务很仔细,从不堕落。

更多与文真相关内容,请检查 【 初中英语 】 栏目    


------分开线----------------------------
------分开线----------------------------

 

热门内容
初中英语知识点总结:定语从句
名词一切格的三种表现办法
初中英语语法口诀影象
初中英语知识点总结归结
如今停止时变革规矩
初中英语Where did you go on vacat
宾语从句的引导词
初中英语动词时态和语态解说
with 用法全解
状语从句时态范例